Dutch Colonies of Benevolence

Last year, the UNESCO World Heritage recognized the lasting cultural significance of the unfree ‘colony of benevolence’ at Veenhuizen (now home to the National Prison Museum). This round table brings together three leading researchers on domestic colonies to discuss the international significance of this colony, which opened its doors 200 years ago.

This round table with Professor Barbara Arneil discusses the political ideology behind this domestic colony. In her prize-winning book Domestic Colonies (Oxford University Press, 2017), Arneil has argued that domestic colonies shared in common with overseas settler colonies a similar ideological commitment to three key principles: segregation; agrarian labour; and improvement of both people and land, in both ethical and economic senses.

Across Europe, domestic colonies attracted progressive thinkers sincerely concerned about the plight of the poor, committed to improving their welfare. From Johannes van den Bosch in the Netherlands and Sir John Sinclair in Scotland, to Alexis de Tocqueville in France and Jeremy Bentham in England. All of them wrote essays defending such domestic colonies over alternative social policies (e.g., outdoor relief, emigration, workhouses and poorhouses, prison barracks). Yet as the colonies evolved and its inhabitants swelled in numbers, the colonies often acquired disciplinary and sometimes outright penal dimensions. What is the place of free and unfree colonies of benevolence in the history of social welfare policy? This round-table explores this question by placing the Dutch Colonies of Benevolence within their wider international context.

About the speakers

Barbara Arneil is Professor of Political Science at the University of British Columbia in Canada and current fellow at NIAS. She is author of the prize-winning monograph Domestic Colonies: The Turn Inward to Colony (published with Oxford University Press, 2017). Her current research is on the theoretical and ideological distinctions between imperialism versus colonialism. Barbara Arneil is Past President of the Canadian Political Science Association and was named a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada in 2022.

Hanneke Stuit is an Assistant Professor of Literary and Cultural Analysis at the University of Amsterdam and works on the intersections of carcerality and the countryside.

Craig Whittall is an independent researcher and political theorist who specializes in domestic colonies for so-called ‘Criminal Tribes’ in British India, including those run by the Salvation Army.

Johan Olsthoorn (moderator) is assistant professor in political theory at the University of Amsterdam, Department of Political Science. In the Spring of 2023, he is a fellow at the Netherlands Institute for Advanced Study.

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